Why Do Otters Juggle Rocks? What's Their Purpose In Playing And Juggling Stones?

Otters are often observed - both in the wild and inside the enclosures of zoos - playing and juggling with stones and pebbles. There are several videos of such strange behavior that you can watch on YouTube. These cute little animals have been recorded juggling one rock, two rocks, and sometimes three rocks. The question is why do otters juggle rocks? What's their purpose in doing so? What do they gain out of it?

Unfortunately, it's still unclear why the otters do it. Some believe that it's merely an act of play solely for entertainment purposes. Think of a cat playing with a ball of thread. Or a dog having fun with a twig. It's possible that the otters are just juggling for fun. However, the bizzareness of the act makes some to propose that there's more to the act than just a mere source of entertainment. The otters doesn't seem to play with other things the way other animals do. They prefer pebbles over anything else.

One theory is that this activity has something to do with eating behavior. This is because otters often use rocks as tools in smashing the shells of mollusks to gain access to the meat inside. Some suggest that there's a connection between the two. Some otters have been observed vigorously defending the rocks they have against other otters.
One theory suggests that the activity resembles the act of gathering food and that it may signal hunger. This is because the act of juggling declines when the otters are fully fed. But then again, as we mentioned above, it could be just a case of them otters killing time and entertaining themselves.

The Greatest Story Ever Told -- So Far: Why Are We Here? (A Book By Lawrence M. Krauss)

The Greatest Story Ever Told -- So Far: Why Are We Here? is an upcoming non-fiction book by Lawrence M. Krauss, a Canadian-American cosmologist and theoretical physicist. The book is scheduled to be published by Atria Books on March 21, 2017. The book is an off-shoot of a popular talk of a very similar title he delivered in various freethought conventions and university events. You can watch Krauss delivering the talk at the 2013 Oklahoma Freethought Convention (FREEOK) here [video uploaded by Seth Andrews of The Thinking Atheist channel].

So what is the book all about? Here's en excerpt from the official description for the book: "In a landmark, unprecedented work of scientific history, Krauss leads us to the furthest reaches of space and time, to scales so small they are invisible to microscopes, to the birth and rebirth of light, and into the natural forces that govern our existence. His unique blend of rigorous research and engaging storytelling invites us into the lives and minds of the remarkable, creative scientists who have helped to unravel the unexpected fabric of reality—with reason rather than superstition and dogma. 

Krauss has himself been an active participant in this effort, and he knows many of them well. The Greatest Story challenges us to re-envision ourselves and our place within the universe, as it appears that “God” does play dice with the universe. In the incisive style of his scintillating essays for The New Yorker, Krauss celebrates the greatest intellectual adventure ever undertaken—to understand why we are here in a universe where fact is stranger than fiction."

Praise from Advance Reviews
The book has garnered praise from the likes of Elizabeth Kolbert, Penn Jillette, Martin Rees, Noam Chomsky, Walter Gilbert, and Frank Wilczek. Kolbert called the book "accessible, illuminating, and surprising". Jillette called it a "great book". Chomsky described reading the book as a "an exhilarating experience". And last but not the least, Wilczek describes the book as "intellectually serious and authoritative".

Other books written or co-authored by Lawrence M. Krauss:
1. The Fifth Essence: The Search for the Dark Matter in the Universe (1989) - Krauss delves into what dark matter is and the role it plays in our mission to understand the universe and all of its workings.
2. Fear of Physics: A Guide for the Perplexed (1994) - This is an easy-to-read primer on the wonders of physics. Krauss offers answers in the form of anecdotes and examples to very common research questions relating to theoretical physics.
3. The Physics of Star Trek (1996) - Krauss wrote this book because he believed that he can get people to be interested in physics by using Star Trek as the subject material to discuss topics like warp drive, inertial dampers, teleportation, wormholes, pure energy beings, light speed, and time travel. As a bonus, the book also features an interesting foreword by the one and only Stephen Hawking.
4. Beyond Star Trek: Physics from Alien Invasions to the End of Time (1998) - This is an expansion of the ideas and concepts that Krauss delved into in his previous book, The Physics of Star Trek.
5. Quintessence: The Search for Missing Mass in the Universe (2000) - This is an updated version of of Krauss's 1989 book The Fifth Essence.
6. Atom: An Odyssey from the Big Bang to Life on Earth...and Beyond (2001) - Krauss explains in layman's terms the history of the universe starting from the formation of oxygen atoms that became the primary atoms in the Big Bang.
7. Hiding in the Mirror: The Mysterious Allure of Extra Dimensions, from Plato to String Theory and Beyond (2005) - Krauss delves into the scientific and cultural aspects of extra dimensions. He explores topics like string theory, life in other dimensions, and black holes.
8. Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science (2011) - This work which was given the Book of the Year award in 2011 by Physics World is Krauss's tribute to Richard Feynman, one of the most influential scientists that the world has ever known. The book contains a lot of intriguing anecdotes and insights about the celebrated scientist.
9. A Universe from Nothing (2012) - Although this book was widely panned by philosophers and physicists, it's undoubtedly Krauss's most popular book. The book is an expansion of material from a lecture Krauss wrote. A Universe from Nothing features an afterword by Richard Dawkins. The late Christopher Hitchens was supposed to write the foreword but he was too ill to write the text on time.

Visitor Guidelines At The National Museum Of The Philippines (Pambansang Museo Ng Pilipinas)

1. The following are not permitted in the exhibition galleries: smoking, food and drinks, touching of museum objects, flash photography, commercial photography, videography, tripods, large bags and carriers, wrapped packages, umbrellas, pens and art materials.
2. All persons and items are subject to security inspection.
3. The National Museum reserves the right to refuse entry to any person.
4. The National Museum reserves the right to refuse to check any item.
5. The National Museum is not responsible for any items lost, damaged or unclaimed.
6. Food, drinks and any organic material may not be deposited in the checkroom.
7. Public facilities are for museum patrons only.
8. Disabled access - the museum is accessible for those who are mobility impaired. However, wheelchair use is restricted in certain exhibitions due to space limitations. Special arrangements can be made for those with other disabilities.
9. Our guidelines help protect the national collections and ensure a safe and enjoyable experience for all. Thank you for your consideration.
10. All visitors are required to sign in the visitor's logbook before they are allowed to view the exhibits inside the museum.
11. If you are planning a group tour, you must book the tour in advance. Get in touch with the Museum Education Division for your reservation. Also, group tours are not allowed in the museum on Sundays.
12. Buses carrying groups of visitors should park outside the Museum of the Filipino People.
13. Drop-off point for groups is outside the National Museum gate which is located along Padre Burgos Avenue and Finance Road. Visitors are requested to leave their bags, food, drinks, and other items inside their buses.
14. The coordinator or leader of the group tour should pay the entrance fees as well as fill up the visitor's logbook before the group will be allowed to enter the premises.

HotCopy Review: Is It A Scam? Is It Worth It Writing Articles For The Freelance Writing Site?

If you are an online freelance writer and you are looking for another freelance writing website to add to your basket of eggs, HotCopy is a site you might want to check out. In this honest HotCopy review, I am going to tell you about my experience with the site. I joined HotCopy on July 2016. I'm surprised that I haven't heard of it earlier considering the fact that the site was founded in August 2015.

What Is HotCopy (website URL: hotcopy.co)?
HotCopy is a content writing service provider. You sign up as a writer, you pick the articles you want to write, and you get paid for your work. Anyone from around the world can become a writer in the site. Just make sure that you can write in English with minimal grammar issues. The sign-up process is simple. However, before you are able to accept job orders, you have to go through an application procedure that consists of two sections. One, you have to go through an on-the-spot sample writing test. Two, you have to upload your resume/portfolio or provide links to articles that you've written. You have to wait between 3 to 14 business days to receive an email notifying you if your application has been approved.

How Much Does HotCopy Pay?
There are three levels of writers on the site - Standard, Advanced, and Pro. Standard writers get paid $0.014 per word. That's about $7 for a 500-word article. Advanced writers are paid $0.02 per word; about $10 for a 500-word article. Last but not the least. Pro writers are paid $0.05 per word; about $25 for a 500-word article. I'm still a Standard writer since I'm new to the site so I can't speak about how it's like in the higher levels.

How Do You Get Paid?
HotCopy only offers PayPal as their payment option. Make sure to enter your correct PayPal email address when filling up your account information. You can only request for a payout when your earnings balance is $50 or more. Payout requests within a particular week are processed every Thursday in the succeeding week. For instance, if you request for a payout on a Friday, the payment will be processed on Thursday next week.

How Revisions Work
A client can request a revision for the article you wrote if he isn't satisfied with it. He can request for two revisions. After the second revision, the client will have to decide whether he will accept or reject the article. You won't be paid for the revisions, either. So see to it that you polish your articles very well before you submit them.
Are There Steady Writing Jobs Available?
I'm still a new writer in the site so I don't know what the job board looks like in the past. However, I've been writing on the site for more than two weeks now and there are always writing jobs available whenever I log in. And I log in everyday. One problem I see with HotCopy is that writers are allowed to take only three writing jobs at a time. When you finish writing the three articles, you can't do any more work unless these have been approved by the client. It usually takes one to five days for the articles to be approved.

HotCopy is definitely a content writing site you should check out. It's easy to sign up. It's not restricted to U.S. or U.K. writers which means everyone is welcome to apply. And the pay rate for articles is a bit more compared to other writing sites out there. Apply as a writer for HotCopy right now!

101 Ways On How To Earn Money Online In The Philippines

Let's cut through the chase. Without further ado, here are the dozens of ways on how you can earn and make money online in the Philippines. You can do most of these in your free time. That is you don't have to quit your regular job. Although it's possible to do this full-time, it's advisable that you pursue these full-time only when you have reached a comfortable income threshold. Don't quit your day-job just yet. Explore these avenues first and see how it goes before you make that decision.

1) Start A Blog Then Monetize It
Before you take the first step, you have to understand that this isn't going to be an easy work. Understand that you are in this for the long run. Don't expect your blog to start earning moolah the moment you launch it to the world. There are so many factors that will determine if you are going to be successful or otherwise.

Here's what you need to do: Find a niche market. If you don't know what a niche market is, please Google it. Find a niche that is aligned or at least relevant to things that you are genuinely interested in. Creating content about a topic you are passionate about will be easier. It will be harder for the well of ideas to run dry. Once you've decided on the subject of your blog, get a domain name, register it, and start churning out content.

It's advisable that you build a sizable number of content/articles before you explore your monetization options. There are many ways on how you can monetize your website. You can display advertisements. You can promote affiliate products. You can write sponsored posts. You can even create your own product and sell it on your blog. Again, Google is your friend here. Just go to Google and search for ways on blog monetization. A lot of these blog monetization methods will be discussed further down below.

2) Sign Up With Amazon And Promote Products From The Company's Website
Amazon is the largest online retail site in the world. Almost any product that you can think of is available in their site. Promoting products from Amazon is called affiliate marketing. Basically, here's how it goes: You sign up, you promote Amazon products using your unique affiliate links, you get paid a commission if someone purchases a product through your affiliate link. This can be very lucrative. Sales commissions range from a few cents to hundreds of dollars depending on the price tags of the products sold. For instance, if you sold a laptop worth $200 and the affiliate commission rate is 6%, you will get a commission of $12. Not bad, right? And yes, Amazon accepts affiliates from the Philippines.

You are going to need a website or blog where you are going to promote the Amazon products. You can display the products in your website's side-bar. You can write in-depth reviews about the products. You can subtly promote the products within the articles that you write. The more people you send to the Amazon website, the more money you will earn.

3) Sign Up With Google Adsense And Display Their Ads In Your Blog Or Website
Again, you are going to need a blog or a website for this to work. It's worth mentioning here that you can only apply for an Adsense account if you have a site. Adsense employees will review your website and decide if it's a right fit for their advertising program. You will be notified if you are accepted into the program. To increase your chances of being accepted by Adsense, make sure that your website is well-designed and that it contains a lot of valuable content. Be warned that there are certain topics and themes that are prohibited in the Adsense program. You should look these up and make sure that your website is not violating any of them before you apply for an account.
4) Sign Up With iWriter And Write For Money
If you think you can write, this is something you might want to check out. iWriter is a freelance writing website where you write articles and be paid for your efforts. How much you are paid depends on your overall rating in the site. There are four levels of writers in iWriter: Standard, Premium, Elite, and Elite Plus. Standard writers get paid $2.5 for a 500-word article. Premium writers are paid $4.9 for the same article. For Elite and Elite Plus writers, the rates vary but the rates can go as high as $100 for a 500-word article. You can only reach the Elite and Elite Plus levels if you consistently write high-quality articles that get high ratings from article requesters. iWriter pays via Paypal. You can choose to be paid every week or twice a month. Payout minimum is $20. Sign up with iWriter right now!

5) Become A Microworker For Spare5
Are you familiar with Amazon Mturk? Because Spare5 works the same way. You will be doing small tasks and be paid for your efforts. These tasks can be anything from creating tags for images to looking for the contact information of certain individuals or businesses. Depending on the number of tasks available when you log in, it's possible to earn a couple of dollars within an hour. The work can be boring and redundant but it's easy work that you can do in your spare time. There's an app for the site so that you can work on tasks while you're on the bus on your way home. Spare5 pays every Friday through Paypal provided that you've reached the $1 minimum payout. Read our Spare5 review for more information about the site.

6) Become A Microworker For Clickworker
Clickworker follows the same business model as Amazon Mturk and Spare5. You do menial tasks and you will be paid for your efforts. It's a little bit difficult to gain access to jobs in this site because there are always tests and assessments that you need to take. Be sure to read the guidelines before you take the assessments to improve your chances of passing them. Clickworker pays via Paypal. Read our Clickworker review for more information about the opportunity.

7) Be Paid Posting On Online Forums Through Postloop
What is Postloop? Basically, this is a site which owners of forums pay to direct their members and post on the forums. After signing up with Postloop, you will be provided with a list of forums and blogs where you can participate and post comments. You will be paid for every forum post and blog comment that you make. If you are a fast poster, you can make $1 to $2 in an hour. That's about 90 pesos in an hour. That's above minimum wage in the Philippines. Read this Postloop review for additional details.

8) Sell Stuff On Facebook
Filipinos are among the most active users on Facebook. Chances are most of the people you know are active users of the networking site. You may also have come across people who are selling items like clothes, computers, and gadgets on the site. You can follow their example by offering your stuff for sale. You can choose to sell people near you or you can also offer shipping options. Just make sure that you have an efficient ordering and payment system in place. It's highly recommended that you create a Facebook Page (this is different from a Facebook Profile) for your store. Safety tip: only sell and ship to people whose identities you are able to verify. There are a lot of scammers on Facebook who would disappear or deactivate their profiles once you've shipped them your products.

9) Write For Essays.Ph
Essays.Ph is a freelancing website run by Filipinos for Filipino freelance writers. The rates for the articles are really low but if you are a fast writer, it can still be a decent source of additional income. Here's a tip: Go for topics that you are familiar with so that you don't have to do extensive research. If you can write a 1000-word article in under an hour and be paid for a few hundred pesos, that's still good money. Essays.Ph also follows a writer-ranking system. Experienced writers who consistently turn up high-quality work are promoted to higher levels where the jobs pay more. Essays.Ph pays via direct bank transfer, cash remittance, Gcash, and Western Union. The site also has a forum where you can connect and interact with fellow writers from all over the Philippines. The site claims to have over 70,000 freelance writers.

10) Write And Edit Articles For Zerys
This a freelance writing site where you can write and edit articles for clients. Unlike other writing sites, the amount you get paid for an article you write or edit will depend on what the client is willing to pay. Zerys is merely the middle man that takes care of the transfer of payment between the client and you. Payment is via Paypal. You will be paid whenever the client approves your work. The problem with Zerys is that there's very little work available for Filipinos. Weeks can go by without any jobs available for writers. And if there's a job available, the competition is very tough. The jobs get claimed just minutes after they're posted. With that said, don't expect too much from Zerys. You'd be lucky if you can get a job or two in a month.

11) Review Calls On Humanatic
In the simplest terms, Humanatic is a website where you are asked to listen to recorded phone calls. You will then be asked a simple question like "Did the caller connect to a qualified agent?" You are usually provided with multiple-choice-type questions so all you need to do is click on your mouse. It's not that hard to make a few dollars in Humanatic in under an hour. Some of the site's most prolific reviewers make more than $50 a day from the site.

12) Find Gigs on Craigslist
Dozens of jobs and gigs are posted on Craigslist Philippines every day. Just head over the "Jobs" section and browse through the listings. The gigs are organized into categories so that you can search in the categories that are relevant to your expertise and skills. If you are a graphics designer, you can go to the Art/Media/Design category. If you are a freelance writer, you can head over to the Writing/Editing section. Here's a tip: Be careful about the gigs and jobs that you do because there are a lot of scammers in the site.

13) Write An Article For Listverse ($100 Per 1500-Word Article)
Want to make a quick hundred bucks? Then you should try submitting a list article to Listverse. But before you do, make sure that you visit the website and read several of the list articles published there to get an idea about the type of content that they're looking for. Basically, the article you submit should contain at least 10 list items and should not exceed 1,500 words. The main categories of articles in the site are Bizarre, Entertainment, General Knowledge, Lifestyle, Science, and Society. Pick from one of these categories and find an interesting topic that the site hasn't already covered. Listverse only pays their writers through Paypal so get a Paypal account first if you don't have one.

14) Write For Kicker Daily News
Kicker Daily News is a popular website based in the Philippines. We don't know how much they pay their writers but according to their website, writers are paid on a per article basis plus a cut of the site's revenue. They require applicants to have excellent American English writing skills. They also prefer those with degrees in Mass Comm, Journalism, English, Literature, and Marketing. However, you can still apply even if you don't have a degree as long as you can provide proof that you have a published article in a news site. They are also looking for full-time writers only. Apply for Kicker Daily News.

15) Find Gigs And Small Jobs On Reddit
Reddit is a great place to find gigs or learn about opportunities that can earn you extra cash. The trick is to find subreddits that are focused on these topics. For example, there are subreddits about writing sites where freelance writers share tips about the sites they write for. Three subreddits that we highly recommend for Filipinos are Beermoney, WorkOnline, and SlaveLabour. There are tons of other subreddits in the site that focus on other niches like design, graphics, programming, etc.

16) Write Articles For HotCopy
HotCopy is a content writing site where you get paid writing articles for clients. Your pay rate depends on your level. There are three levels of writers in the site: Standard, Advanced, and Pro. Standard writers are usually paid around $7 for a 500-word article. Pro writers can get up to $25 for an article with the same word count. For additional details, read our HotCopy review and see if the site is suitable for you.

Number 17 to 101 coming soon. So stay tuned. If you know of a way on how to earn money online in the Philippines that wasn't discussed above, feel free to tell us about it in the comments section below. Thanks a million.
Face Upward - Widget