Erwin Tulfo's Facebook Comments About Critics Of Ferdinand Marcos Sr.

The claim: Erwin Tulfo (a Filipino journalist, columnist, television news anchor, and radio commentator) told critics of the late Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Sr. to stop using infrastructure like bridges, highways, train stations, etc. that were built during the dictator's reign.

False. There's no evidence to show that Erwin Tulfo said it. The quote which went viral on Facebook and other social media sites like Twitter and Instagram originated from a Facebook page called "KUYA Erwin Tol". The page posted the quote on May 15, 2016 and so far it has generated more than 65,000 shares. The page isn't being run by Tulfo. The administrators of the page are still unknown.

The content of the post:
Maraming galit sa mga marcos.
Pero kung galit kayo panindigan nyo galit nyo.
Iboycot nyo mga pagawa ni marcos. Wag kayo dumaan sa SAN JUANICO BRIDGE wag kayo dumaan sa EDSA
Hanap kayo ng ibang airport wag kayo sumakay sa NAIA
wag kayo dumaan sa NLEX
wag kayo dumaan sa SLEX
Umalis kayo sa mga region ng pilipinas (region 1 to 12)
Umalis kayo sa NCR
wag kayo sumakay sa mga train. LRT, MRT, at PNR
wag kayo gumamit ng MERALCO
wag kayo gumamit ng tubig MWSS
wag kayo tumangap ng 13th month pay
at kung galit kayo iboycot nyo lahat ng mga proyekto ni marcos ewan ko lang kung mabuhay pa kayo.
Galit na galit kayo patuloy nyo naman pinapakinabangan ang mga pagawa ni MARCOS.
Diba mga tol.

*This quote is a variation of an arguments claiming that critics of Marcos don't have the right to criticize the late president because they're using the roads/highways/buildings/etc that the president built during his term from 1965 to 1986.
*Dozens of Facebook pages (mostly pages supporting Marcos and Duterte) regurgitated and spread the quote on social media.
From the KUYA Erwin Tol Facebook page.
Originally published: November 13, 2016
Last updated: November 13, 2016

How To Get A Passport In The Philippines For First-Time Passport Applicants

If it's your first time to apply for a passport in the Philippines, this step-by-step and detailed guide on how you can go about it should help you make the process easier and quicker. Getting a passport in the Philippines really isn't that hard. Just follow the instructions below. You can print out this article for future reference.

Step One - Get a copy of the passport application form and completely fill it up. You can avail of this form from any Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) office. You can also download it from the official website of the DFA. Just copy the form and have it printed out. In the form, you will be asked to provide your complete name, place of birth, date of birth, gender, civil status, address, occupation, citizenship, and contact numbers.

Step Two - Get a copy of your birth certificate in Security Paper (SECPA) that's issued by the Philippine Statistics Office (PSA). The certificate can also be a certified true copy issued by a local civil registrar but it must still be authenticated by the PSA.

Step Three - Make sure that you have the necessary valid IDs and supporting documents. You should have at least one (1) valid ID and two (2) supporting documents. Below is a list of accepted valid IDs and supporting documents as put forth by the DFA.

List of Required Valid IDs:
1. Digitized SSS ID
2. Driver's license
3. GSIS E-card
7. Digitized BIR ID
8. Senior Citizen's ID
9. Unified Multi-Purpose UD (UMID)
10. Voter's ID

Other types of IDs accepted by the agency:
1. Old college ID
2. Alumni ID
3. Employment ID

List of Required Supporting Documents:
1. Marriage Contract issued by the Philippine Statistics Office
2. Land Title
3. Seaman's Book
4. Government Service Record
5. Police Clearance
6. Digitized Postal ID
7. Voter's Certification, List of Voters and Voter's Registration Record (please attach receipt)
8. School Yearbook
9. Readable SSS-E1 Form or Microfilmed Copy of SSS-E1 Form
10. Barangay Clearance
11. National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) Clearance
12. Elementary or High School Form 137 or Transcript of Records with readable dry seal

Step Four - Schedule an appointment. There are two ways on how you can do this. You can directly visit any of the DFA's regional consular offices and their satellite offices located in selected malls. Or you can schedule an appointment online. It's highly recommended that you schedule an appoint ment online. It's easy and hassle-free. To do it, use the following link: []. Just follow the instructions and you are good to go.

Step Five - Go to the consular office or satellite office on the date and time as stated on your scheduled appointment. Don't forget to bring with you the duly accomplished application form, your birth certificate, a valid AD, and two of the required supporting documents.

Step Six - Proceed depending on what happens or what's advised for you to do during your first appointment. That's it. If your application is successful, you can get your passport within a few weeks.

Note: There are two types of passport processing. These are express processing and regular processing. For express processing, the fee that you will pay is 1,200 pesos and your passport will be processed between 7 to 10 working days. For regular processing, the fee is 950 pesos and your passport will be processed between 20 and 30 working days.

A Guide On How To Get Your Voter's ID In The Philippines

You can only get a voter's ID in the Philippines if you are a registered voter and if you have completed your biometrics at a local office of the Commission on Elections (Comelec). A complete biometrics means the Comelec has your photograph, fingerprints, and signature. No biometrics means you won't be able to get your voter's ID.

Why is it important to get a voter's ID in the Philippines?
Before anything else, it's worth mentioning here that a voter's ID is not a requirement for voting. Even if you don't have the card, you will still be able to vote. The biggest benefit of having a voter's ID is the fact that it's one of the valid IDs that are recognized for identification purposes by government offices and private institutions like banks and organizations. You can present it to prove your identity in almost all government transactions. For instance, it's accepted by the Department of Foreign Affairs if you apply for a passport in the Philippines.

How do you register as a voter?
Well, first of all, you need to be at least 18 years old. If you are within the right age, simply go to a Comelec office near you and tell them that you want to register. They will guide you on what to do next. But before you troop to the registration office, make sure that you have a valid identification document with you.

Here's an updated list of the IDs accepted by a Comelec office for voter registration purposes:
1. Current employee's ID containing the signature of the employer or an authorized representative
2. Student's ID or library card containing the signature of the appropriate school authority
3. Driver's license
4. Passport
5. Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) ID
6. Postal ID
7. Senior Citizen's ID
8. National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) clearance
9. Certificate of Confirmation issued by the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples
10. Social Security System (SSS) ID
11. Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) ID
12. Professional Regulatory Commission (PRC) license
13) Person with Disability Discount ID

Please note that the cedula (Community Tax Certificate) and clearance from the Philippine National Police are not honored by the Comelec for voter registration purposes.

With your valid ID, go to the Comelec office and register. The whole process will take just a few minutes. You will fill up a form, answer questions by a Comelec employee, have your picture taken, have your thumb prints taken, and provide your signature. After completing your biometrics, the employee will inform you further details on when you will be able to get your voter's ID. Usually, you will be given a stub (a piece of paper) that you will present when you return to claim your voter's ID.

The processing time for the voter's ID differ from region to region. Some voters claim that they are able to get their IDs within weeks, some within months, while others say that it took years before they are able to get their ID. And then there are some who say they never got their ID. With that said, it's best that you regularly return to the Comelec's office where you registered to check on the status of your ID.

Frequently Asked Questions About Getting A Voter's ID In The Philippines

What are the information printed on the voter's ID card?
The card will contain the following information: the name and current address of the registered voter, his date of birth, his gender (male, female), his photograph, his thumb print, his precinct number, his voter's identification number or VIN, his signature, and the signature of the chairman of the Election Registration Board.

Can I check online if my voter's ID is ready and available?
No. As far as we know, the Comelec doesn't have a system wherein you can check online if your ID has already been processed and ready for pick-up. Your only option is go to the office where you registered and inquire if your ID is available and ready. Don't forget to bring with you the stub given to you when you registered as a voter. If you lost or misplaced the stub, tell the election officer that you lost it.

Where can I get my voter's ID?
Go to the office where you registered. As far as we know, you can't claim the ID in a different location as the place you registered. For instance, if you registered in Makati City, you can't claim the ID in other cities such as Quezon City.

How long does it take before I'll be able to get my voter's ID?
Again, this seems to be on a case to case basis. Some were able to get their cards within a year, some took more than five years, and some were never able to claim their card. Whether you registered in 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, or the years before, your best option is to visit the local Comelec office near you and inquire about the status of your ID. Determination and persistence might get you somewhere. Who knows, those people whose duty it is to process your card may be sitting on their butts because you haven't bugged them enough. :)

How can I check my voter's ID status?
Go to the office where you registered and inquire about your card. Don't waste your time contacting them through their website because they never reply. We know because we tried. Just visit the Comelec branch where you completed your biometrics. There's really no other way of checking the status of your card. As we mentioned earlier, the Comelec doesn't have an online voter's ID verification system.

How about voter's ID release in 2016?
Well, we still haven't heard anything from the Comelec saying they have new batches of IDs for release. They aren't even updating us on the status of the cards. So again, what you need to do is go to the place where you completed your biometrics and ask.

Why Do Otters Juggle Rocks? What's Their Purpose In Playing And Juggling Stones?

Otters are often observed - both in the wild and inside the enclosures of zoos - playing and juggling with stones and pebbles. There are several videos of such strange behavior that you can watch on YouTube. These cute little animals have been recorded juggling one rock, two rocks, and sometimes three rocks. The question is why do otters juggle rocks? What's their purpose in doing so? What do they gain out of it?

Unfortunately, it's still unclear why the otters do it. Some believe that it's merely an act of play solely for entertainment purposes. Think of a cat playing with a ball of thread. Or a dog having fun with a twig. It's possible that the otters are just juggling for fun. However, the bizzareness of the act makes some to propose that there's more to the act than just a mere source of entertainment. The otters doesn't seem to play with other things the way other animals do. They prefer pebbles over anything else.

One theory is that this activity has something to do with eating behavior. This is because otters often use rocks as tools in smashing the shells of mollusks to gain access to the meat inside. Some suggest that there's a connection between the two. Some otters have been observed vigorously defending the rocks they have against other otters.
One theory suggests that the activity resembles the act of gathering food and that it may signal hunger. This is because the act of juggling declines when the otters are fully fed. But then again, as we mentioned above, it could be just a case of them otters killing time and entertaining themselves.

The Greatest Story Ever Told -- So Far: Why Are We Here? (A Book By Lawrence M. Krauss)

The Greatest Story Ever Told -- So Far: Why Are We Here? is an upcoming non-fiction book by Lawrence M. Krauss, a Canadian-American cosmologist and theoretical physicist. The book is scheduled to be published by Atria Books on March 21, 2017. The book is an off-shoot of a popular talk of a very similar title he delivered in various freethought conventions and university events. You can watch Krauss delivering the talk at the 2013 Oklahoma Freethought Convention (FREEOK) here [video uploaded by Seth Andrews of The Thinking Atheist channel].

So what is the book all about? Here's en excerpt from the official description for the book: "In a landmark, unprecedented work of scientific history, Krauss leads us to the furthest reaches of space and time, to scales so small they are invisible to microscopes, to the birth and rebirth of light, and into the natural forces that govern our existence. His unique blend of rigorous research and engaging storytelling invites us into the lives and minds of the remarkable, creative scientists who have helped to unravel the unexpected fabric of reality—with reason rather than superstition and dogma. 

Krauss has himself been an active participant in this effort, and he knows many of them well. The Greatest Story challenges us to re-envision ourselves and our place within the universe, as it appears that “God” does play dice with the universe. In the incisive style of his scintillating essays for The New Yorker, Krauss celebrates the greatest intellectual adventure ever undertaken—to understand why we are here in a universe where fact is stranger than fiction."

Praise from Advance Reviews
The book has garnered praise from the likes of Elizabeth Kolbert, Penn Jillette, Martin Rees, Noam Chomsky, Walter Gilbert, and Frank Wilczek. Kolbert called the book "accessible, illuminating, and surprising". Jillette called it a "great book". Chomsky described reading the book as a "an exhilarating experience". And last but not the least, Wilczek describes the book as "intellectually serious and authoritative".

Other books written or co-authored by Lawrence M. Krauss:
1. The Fifth Essence: The Search for the Dark Matter in the Universe (1989) - Krauss delves into what dark matter is and the role it plays in our mission to understand the universe and all of its workings.
2. Fear of Physics: A Guide for the Perplexed (1994) - This is an easy-to-read primer on the wonders of physics. Krauss offers answers in the form of anecdotes and examples to very common research questions relating to theoretical physics.
3. The Physics of Star Trek (1996) - Krauss wrote this book because he believed that he can get people to be interested in physics by using Star Trek as the subject material to discuss topics like warp drive, inertial dampers, teleportation, wormholes, pure energy beings, light speed, and time travel. As a bonus, the book also features an interesting foreword by the one and only Stephen Hawking.
4. Beyond Star Trek: Physics from Alien Invasions to the End of Time (1998) - This is an expansion of the ideas and concepts that Krauss delved into in his previous book, The Physics of Star Trek.
5. Quintessence: The Search for Missing Mass in the Universe (2000) - This is an updated version of of Krauss's 1989 book The Fifth Essence.
6. Atom: An Odyssey from the Big Bang to Life on Earth...and Beyond (2001) - Krauss explains in layman's terms the history of the universe starting from the formation of oxygen atoms that became the primary atoms in the Big Bang.
7. Hiding in the Mirror: The Mysterious Allure of Extra Dimensions, from Plato to String Theory and Beyond (2005) - Krauss delves into the scientific and cultural aspects of extra dimensions. He explores topics like string theory, life in other dimensions, and black holes.
8. Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science (2011) - This work which was given the Book of the Year award in 2011 by Physics World is Krauss's tribute to Richard Feynman, one of the most influential scientists that the world has ever known. The book contains a lot of intriguing anecdotes and insights about the celebrated scientist.
9. A Universe from Nothing (2012) - Although this book was widely panned by philosophers and physicists, it's undoubtedly Krauss's most popular book. The book is an expansion of material from a lecture Krauss wrote. A Universe from Nothing features an afterword by Richard Dawkins. The late Christopher Hitchens was supposed to write the foreword but he was too ill to write the text on time.
Face Upward - Widget